Go back to the Torah Trope Lessons

Hand Signs

It is a tradition in many synagogues for one (or both) of the gabbaiim to make hand gestures to indicate the proper trope to the Torah reader. Below is a set of these gestures* that can help with both reading and practicing a Torah portion. Click here to download a pdf to use offline.

אתנחת֑א
Etnakhta
מונ֣ח
Munakh
תפח֖א
Tipkha
מרכ֥א
Merkha
סוף־פסוֽק
Sof Passuk
מרכ֥א
Merkha
סיף־אלייֽה
Sof Aliyah

זקף־קט֔ן
Zakef Katan
מונ֣ח
Munakh
פשט֙א
Pashta
מהפ֤ך
Mapakh
זקף־גד֕ול
Zakef Gadol
ית֚יב
Yitiv

רב֗יע
R'via
מונ֣ח
Munakh
מונח־לגרמ֣ה ׀ 
Munakh Legarme
גרש֞ים
Gershayim

תב֛יר
T'vir
מרכ֥א
Merkha
פז֡ר
Pazer
מונ֣ח
Munakh



דרג֧א
Darga

סג֒יל
Segol
מונ֣ח
Munakh
זרק֘א
Zarka
מונ֣ח
Munakh

אזלא־ג֜רש
Azla Geresh
קדמ֨א
Kadma
תלישה־קטנה֩
T'lisha Kitanah
מונ֣ח
Munakh
קדמ֨א ואזל֜א
Kadma V'Azla
ת֠לישה־גדולה
T'lisha Gidolah


*Many thanks go to Cantor Paul D. Goldstein who showed me these signs and shared some of his innovations, such as, certain variations on the munakh and the merkha preceding a t'vir.

Site contents ©2008 Ezra M. Katz; all rights reserved unless otherwise noted.

Last Updated: July 20th, 2008

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